Not any one is granted sainthood, but Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) was one of the few. He was a prolific writer – and more importantly a prolific think, who in some ways became the starting point of modern philosophy. Thomas was a younger son of lower Italian nobility and a religious career was always the plan, but he thwarted his family’s intentions, when he chose to join the newly founded Dominican Order.
Thomas is remembered as the classical proponent of natural theology and was an influential philosopher and theologian. He concerned himself a number of subjects, including ethics, natural law, metaphysics, and political theory. Thomas argued a co-existence of philosophy and the Catholic faith – and in doing so was quite revolutionary.
I know Thomas best from his political theory. Thomas believed that man – as a social being – lives in a society and interacts with others. A form of societal contract is made. Thomas also viewed kings as God’s representatives in their respective territories. The pope of course higher in order in matters of morality and theology.